Islam is an Abrahamic faith based on the oneness of God and the prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH). As with most religions, Islam encompasses metaphysical, ethical and judicial tenets. The Quran is its religious scripture, which Muslims believe to be the direct word of God. Stoicism, on the other hand, is an ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium. The primary focus of the school was ethics and virtue, which they believed was derived from knowledge and reason.
What unites the two is the belief that ultimately the goodness and happiness of a person’s life is not dependent on their external surroundings, or as the Stoic philosopher and emperor Marcus Aurelius once wrote, “Misfortune, borne nobly, is good fortune.” In both Islam and Stoicism, this outlook is the result of metaphysical beliefs impacting a person’s view of the world and the way that they interact with it. However, taken at face value, the metaphysical principles of Islam and Stoicism are remarkably different. This begs the question, how can two distinctly different metaphysical viewpoints result in the same practical viewpoint?Read More