A Metaphysical & Ethical Cross-Examination Of Islam and Stoicism

Islam is an Abrahamic faith based on the oneness of God and the prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH). As with most religions, Islam encompasses metaphysical, ethical and judicial tenets. The Quran is its religious scripture, which Muslims believe to be the direct word of God. Stoicism, on the other hand, is an ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium. The primary focus of the school was ethics and virtue, which they believed was derived from knowledge and reason. 

Deconstructing Karl Popper’s Paradox of Intolerance

Racism. Sexism. Xenophobia. These problems have plagued humanity since time immemorial and there’s no sign that they’re going away anytime soon. Despite these problems, I choose to believe that the majority of people are decent human beings who inherently desire to live in a tolerant society.

What Are The Implications Of Trump Leaving The Paris Climate Change Agreement

On the 1st of June 2017, Donald Trump announced that the United States would be pulling out of the Paris climate change agreement. The announcement was met with criticism worldwide, with dissenting voices ranging from Greenpeace to the European Union to academics such as Neal deGrasse Tyson and Noam Chomsky to celebrities like Arnold Schwarzenegger and Tom Morello to blue-chip companies like Facebook, Apple and Microsoft to major energy providers such as ExxonMobil, BP, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, and Shell. The move was even derided by, believe it or not, North Korea who’s foreign ministry said, “This is the height of egoism and moral vacuum seeking only their own well-being even at the cost of the entire planet.” We as citizens of this planet have to analyze what this move means and what its implications are.

The Practical Guide To Free Will & Determinism

The answer to the question of whether we as humans have control over our actions has been debated for thousands of years. Humans have a strong affinity towards the idea of freedom. We have formed our societies on the basis of personal responsibility. Every person is to be held into account for his or her actions. It is on this basis that we must assume that people have free will. This assumption does not mean that it is certain that people have control over their actions. It only means that it is a practical necessity to believe that it is so.

Understanding Patience & What It Means To Be Patient

Imagine a child waiting their parents to buy them the latest video game console. He knows what day it comes out and knows he’s going to get it. All he has to do is wait two weeks. He feels anxious. He nags his mother and starts acting out in frustration in school. But he’s reserved the console and paid for it. He just has to show up to the store and pick it up. So why is he acting this way?

The Importance Of Utopia: Visions Of Violence, Peace, Hope & Despair

A utopia of blood. That’s what it was to be. Thankfully it never came to be. The Third Reich was to evolve to become the Greater Germanic Reich, a state that would have plenty for all its people, be advanced in science, people would be proud of who they are and what they have achieved. Above all this vision would only cater to the good people of this world, if others were even considered to be people. It would be a land where the blood of the people was pure and Germanic. It was their right to build such a utopia. They were the superior race.

Deconstructing Our Understanding Of Freedom: Kant, Autonomy & The Categorical Imperative

What does it mean to be free? I would imagine that most people would think that freedom is the ability to do what you want to do and be unhindered by others while doing it. All societal structures are built to allow limited forms of freedom, i.e. you are free to do as you wish as long as it does not impact or harm another person’s freedom, health or wealth. Social structures are also built on the idea of free will. Every person is held accountable for his or her actions precisely because they have a free will. To punish crimes if the perpetrator had no free will would be illogical. In truth, a person is free to harm others and limit their freedoms, however society is also free to punish and reprimand them for this. Thus freedom is one of the pillars on which all societies are built.

I Think, Therefore, I Am: Rene Descartes’ Cogito Argument Explained

How do we prove something beyond reasonable doubt? We use empirical evidence, corroborate eyewitness accounts and analyze the information that we are given. Most of the tools that we utilize in order to prove that something is beyond reasonable doubt ultimately necessitate the use of our senses, i.e. sight, smell, taste, touch and hearing. This then produces the question, are our senses to be trusted? What can we be certain of without the senses? These questions form the basis of Rene Descartes’ Cogito Argument, which ultimately results in the famous saying, “I think, therefore, I am.”

Stupid Skepticism

I’m going to start this by using a pretty ridiculous example so bear with me. The serious stuff is coming later. If a fat man, lets say Jonah Hill circa War Dogs, walked up to you and told you he could do five hundred pushups I’m willing to bet that you’d be skeptical. Why would you be skeptical? Well, he’s a pretty fat dude so you wouldn’t expect him to have any athletic ability, never mind the ability to do five hundred pushups. The thought process is simple. You are given a proposition. The evidence overwhelmingly says that the proposition isn’t true thus you are skeptical of the proposition. For any hypothesis or proposition to have the potential of being true it must have evidence to back it up. If you want truth, follow the evidence wherever it leads you. This is the backbone of critical thinking.